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题目:Advantages and Disadvantages of Urbanization(城市化利弊谈)


写作提纲: 1.城市化的利弊;
          2.我的观点。
[范文]

Urbanization has been a subject of heated discussion for a long time. Some people are in favor, while others are opposed. In my opinion, urbanization has both advantages and disadvantages.

Generally, the advantages of urbanization can be listed as follows. First, urbanization can quicken our pace to catch up with the developed countries. We all know that the developed countries are all highly urbanized. Second, urbanization will help to solve the problem of unemployment. It will create more job opportunities for the unemployed. In addition, urbanization will free a great number of farmers from the fields, thus realizing the dream of agricultural mechanization in our country. Finally, urbanization can improve the standards of living of the migrants who move to the urban area.

However, the disadvantages of urbanization are also obvious. To begin with, administration of the increasing population in urban area might be a great challenge to the government. Moreover, more problems, such as increasing crime rate, over crowding, might increase, since more people are concentrated in a relatively smaller place.

It is evident that the advantages outweigh the disadvantages. Therefore, I am in favor of urbanization.

[点评]第一段可写成引入段:对城市化问题,不同的人持不同的观点,进而自然引出“我”的观点,为下一段作准备;第二段可用列举的方法,指出城市化的好处:比如,城市化可加速赶超发达国家、提供更多就业机会、加速农村现代化步伐以及提高城市居民的生活水平等;第三段转述城市化的弊端,比如,城市化增加了对迅速增长的人,进行管理的难度、导致了犯罪率的提高等;最后,总结全文,点出“我”的观点是赞成城市化。

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